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How to Publish Medical Journal Articles: A Basic Guide (Case Reports, PubMed, Impact Factor, etc.)

this video covers the basics of

publishing medical journal articles

publishing enhances your resume which

increases your likelihood for job

promotion almost anything can be

published including images videos

letters commentaries reports about a

specific patient called a case report

research articles and review articles

when considering where to publish there

is one important threshold to reach is

the journal indexed by PubMed PubMed is

the US government's database of medical

literature most medical professionals

consider PubMed to be the go-to website

for scholarly articles so when you are

being evaluated for a new job your

employer will go to PubMed to determine

your publication history all other

articles will be invisible

it is important to distinguish PubMed

from PubMed Central pubmed articles meet

the US government's quality standards

however they may not be free to access

in contrast PubMed Central articles are

freely available but may not meet the

high quality standards of PubMed so

let's say you want to publish an article

about transfusion how would you know

what journal to submit to first you

could search PubMed for the word

transfusion and see what journals

recently published such articles

alternatively you could search the

National Library of Medicine catalog or

NLM the NLM is also part of the PubMed

database the NLM is about journals not

articles so when you search the NLM for

transfusion most of the journal results

will include transfusion in a title in

other words the NLM search gives very

focused journal results while the PubMed

results are much broader you should

compile a list of possible journals to

submit to then you can evaluate each

journal if you are new to publishing

pick journals with a low impact factor

try two or less then see if the journals

will allow the article type that you

want to publish for example some

journals don't allow case reports

finally make sure it is free to publish

in the journal if all three criteria are

met low impact factor allowing your

article type and not charging fees you

have a good choice in order to get the

most up to date author guideline

you will need to register on the

journals article submission website this

is important because journals are always

changing which article types they allow

and the word limits for each type the

instructions on the website are usually

old and not up-to-date so make sure to

log in to the website to get the newest

version journals typically ask for a

cover letter which briefly describes why

the articles should be published a title

page is information about the author's

the article and references are of course

self-explanatory here is the information

that usually needs to be included on the

title page this includes a short version

of the title known as a running title in

addition keywords are included to help

readers find your article you must state

if your article received funding and

confirm that you have not submitted the

article to another journal at the same

time and here is how a research article

is usually structured the time that it

takes to submit an article for review is

much longer than you would expect just

coming up with an idea to pursue can

take months of planning and a literature

review to ensure that no one has written

such an article previously even

submitting your work on the journals

online website can take multiple days

when you submit an article it goes to an

administrator who you can communicate

with then it goes to an editor who

chooses reviewers to evaluate the

article the process is usually blinded

so that the reviewers are not told who

the author is

then the reviewers send their feedback

to the editor and the editor makes a

decision to accept or reject there are

strategies to increase your chance of

getting an acceptance your cover letter

is a tool that is often underutilized

here you can say things that you cannot

say in your actual article another

strategy that experienced authors use is

recommending specific reviewers who are

their friends or collaborators this is

also why national conferences are

important you can gain friends and

colleagues at these meetings and then

recommend them as reviewers while these

tactics are ethically questionable they

ingrained in the culture of publishing

when you are older you can become an

editor for the journal and it will be

much easier to publish in that specific

journal while these tactics may sound

like cheating those who use them are

more successful than those who do not of

note similar tactics are used when

trying to get research grants but that

is another story decisions on the

manuscript include an acceptance a

request for revisions or a rejection

importantly your article may need to

undergo multiple rounds of revision

publishing is a sad and frustrating

experience unfair reviews are normal so

don't get discouraged when you get a bad

review also understand that reviews can

take three months or longer so this is a

long process after you get an acceptance

you typically transfer the copyright to

the journal the proof errs will then

review your article for spelling and

grammatical changes then you receive a

proof with the suggested changes and you

write your responses your article will

first be put online as an article and

press make sure it is correct before it

is officially published this final check

is not required but it is good to do

remember you are responsible for the

accuracy of the article if it is

incorrect then an erratum may need to be

published or sometimes a retraction

getting your articles cited by other

articles is like icing on the cake there

are many techniques to do this the title

itself is important for getting

attention also keywords can make your

article easier to find however the most

successful technique to get more

citations is to publish in an

open-access format there are two

publishing models in a subscription

model readers must have a subscription

to read the article in an open access

model a subscription is not needed

because of this more people can read and

cite open access articles thus when a

journal offers both publishing models

some researchers will choose to pay for

the open access however open access does

not necessarily mean paying extra some

journals offer free open access this is

a strategic decision made by the journal

to increase the journals impact factor

here is some related information

Elsevier Wiley and Springer are big

publishers of medical literature to me

the biggest is thing we're sure of these

companies are the extra features that

they offer like Oracle metrics article

metrics most often include the number of

citations and article gets newer metrics

include how many times an article was

downloaded shared on Twitter mentioned

in the news and so forth

such data is accessible through plumx

altmetric and ResearchGate so Elsevier

offers plumx

and Mendeley stats while Wiley offers

altmetric stats I should also mention

that you need to avoid publishing

trouble don't plagiarize and don't self

plagiarize which is also considered

misconduct remember when you published

you transfer the copyright to a company

so if you were to copy what you said in

that article into a new article that

goes to a new publishing company you can

get into big trouble in addition you

can't submit the same article for

peer-review to multiple journals at the

same time this is called duplicate

publishing and you can get in trouble

when this happens the article can be

retracted

lastly understand that publishing is a

business thus there are some journals

which just want to make money as long as

you're willing to pay a lot of money

they will publish your article these are

known as predatory journals and PubMed

tries not to index them in summary

publishing from start to finish takes

one year or more expect mistakes to be

made expect the process to be upsetting

especially when you get a rejection for

a bogus reason however you should always

remember the publishing enables you to

get promoted in the field of medicine so

that is publishing medical literature in

2018 thanks for watching